・パス単：At many restaurants, the expected amount of gratuity is 15 percent of the meal’s cost.
・単熟語EX：The lady gave the taxi driver a gratuity.
・パス単：The pop star is known as an ardent proponent of vegetarianism.
・単熟語EX：There are a lot of proponents of this theory.
・パス単：The missionary is a well-known advocate of prison reform.
・単熟語EX：He is a leading advocate of political reform.
・パス単：The recipient of the Nobel Prize for literature has been announced.
・単熟語EX：I added her e-mail address to the recipient list.
・パス単：Well-known pundits were invited to give their view on the election.
・単熟語EX：He is a former professional footballer and sports TV pundit.
・パス単：DNA analysis showed that some inhabitants were descendants of Vikings.
・パス単：The prosecutor did his best to show the witness was lying.
・パス単：The millionaire’s consort was a beautiful young woman.
・単熟語EX：There is a rumor that he consorts with the underworld.
・パス単：After a long police search, the culprit was apprehended.
・単熟語EX：The police arrested the culprit in the act.
・パス単：How could anyone know that such a nice young man was a fugitive from justice?
・単熟語EX：The police finally arrested the fugitive.
・パス単：He became a strong adherent of the new religion.
・単熟語EX：The actor is an adherent of Tibetan Buddhism.
・パス単：Most people have found at least one mentor who has helped guide them through life.
・単熟語EX：She is acting as a mentor to school pupils.
・パス単：From the first moves, the chess expert could see that his opponent was a novice at the game.
・単熟語EX：I’m still a novice at a golf.
・パス単：The famous novelist now lived as a recluse on his own island.
・単熟語EX：The scientist moved to a small island and lived as a recluse.
・パス単：He appointed a surrogate to run the office while he was away.
・単熟語EX：He sent a surrogate to the conference.
・パス単：He pushed through the throng of waiting reporters and walked quickly away.
・単熟語EX：I lost sight of her in the throng.
・パス単：Children at a certain age are more influenced by their peers than by their parents.
・単熟語EX：The child star is popular among his peers.
・パス単：Like many prodigies, his abilities declined as he became an adult.
・単熟語EX：Mozart began his musical career as a child prodigy.
・パス単：The sales manager contacted his counterpart in the other company.
・単熟語EX：The Foreign Minister discussed the matter with his French counterpart.
・パス単：The SAT is designed to test aptitude rather than the memorization of facts.
・単熟語EX：The teacher found the student had an aptitude for music.